4 types of BPD are not recognized in the DSM-5 definition, but include:

Discouraged borderline personality disorder

  • High-functioning, successful, perfectionist,
  • Internalizing (hide emotions), quiet, feel lonely (fear abandonment, so they are clingy), self-isolate,
  • Feel despair/depression and rage against themselves (may self-harm).

Impulsive borderline personality disorder

  • Externalized anger, blame other people (“I’ll show you!”), physical fights, outbursts,
  • Bore easily,
  • Bingeing behaviour (ex. excessive alcohol, eating, spending),
  • Risky behaviour such as casual unprotected sex or illicit drug use (similar to mania or bi-polar).

Petulant borderline personality disorder

  • Attention seeking,
  • Huge mood swings,
  • Act out if they don’t get their way (sense of entitlement, irritable, impatient, stubborn),
  • Jealous, desire control (similar to narcissism),

Self-destructive borderline personality disorder

  • Dysphoric, hate themselves,
  • Self-defeating (ex. can’t keep a job),
  • Self-harm – burning, cutting, threats of suicide, substance abuse, risky activities (similar to major depressive disorder).